Gallbladder removal surgery, or cholecystectomy, is a surgery that thousands of people undergo every year. It’s commonly done due to gallstones, which are hardened deposits of cholesterol or bilirubin from the bile produced by the liver. Gallstones cause bile duct obstructions which can cause serious problems if left untreated.
Patients who undergo gallbladder removal surgery have a good prognosis, and humans can generally live just fine without their gallbladder. However, it’s not an easy surgery to recover from and doing so requires some lifestyle changes.
First, let’s discuss how gallbladder removal surgery works, then talk about some tips for avoiding discomfort after surgery.
As stated before, gallbladder removal surgery is generally done because of a bile duct obstruction . Bile duct obstructions are most commonly due to gallstones. The gallbladder’s function is to store bile, which is a liquid primarily used to digest fats.
Removing the gallbladder is a simple procedure with few risks of complications. Before surgery, the patient is put under general anesthesia and a breathing tube is inserted in the throat.
It’s typically done laparoscopically, which means that a small video camera is inserted in a small incision while other small incisions are made in order to insert surgical tools to remove the gallbladder. This process takes 1-2 hours.
Some procedures aren’t done laparoscopically, and instead are done through a 6-inch incision in the abdomen.
After the gallbladder is removed, the incisions are sutured and you’re taken into recovery. Recovery is quick and most patients go home on the day of surgery.