Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder that causes one's breathing to stop and start as one sleeps. It occurs when an individual’s throat muscles sporadically relax and block the airway as he sleeps. These muscle changes mean that the breathing is inadequate which can lower blood oxygen levels and increase carbon dioxide in the blood. The brain will sense this and rouse you from sleep so that you can reopen the airway. This pattern repeats itself several times throughout the night and while you might not notice it, your ability to reach desired sleep is impacted.
While anyone can get diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea, a large number of those who do are overweight and suffer from obesity. It is estimated that 70% of obese adults and 46% of obese children suffer from obstructive sleep apnea. This is because an obese person has fat deposits around the upper airway tissues. This makes the lumen narrower which leads to obstructed breathing.
Other medical conditions such as hypothyroidism and polycystic ovary syndrome that are associated with obesity can also cause obstructive sleep apnea. A person who is suffering from mild obstructive sleep apnea is at a high risk of progressing to a more severe version of the disease should he gain 10% or more of their body weight.
Obstructive sleep apnea also affects hormones like ghrelin and leptin which are related to obesity. Ghrelin is an appetite stimulant and a person who is suffering from obstructive sleep apnea. Leptin is a hormone whose role is to alert the brain when one is full so that one can stop eating. When one does not sleep well as in the case of a patient with Obstructive sleep apnea the production of leptin by the hypothalamus is impacted. The inability of the brain to detect feelings of fullness means that one is likely to overeat which leads to obesity.
Patients who suffer from obstructive sleep apnea are often treated using Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP). This has proven to be successful especially for those patients who chose to go the non-surgical weight loss way in Long Island as it uses airflow to keep the airways open as one sleeps.
Weight loss when you’re already suffering from symptoms of sleep apnea is not easy. In this case, it is recommended that Long Island residents visit Clarity Surgical, a weight loss clinic in Nassau County for a consultation. The best bariatric surgeons on long island will then carry out the surgery that could help relieve the condition through weight loss.